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Course Descriptions

Geography  ♦  Geology


Geography

GEO 100: Regions and Nations of the World (3) Survey of the physical, cultural, and economic geography of the world’s major regions, with an emphasis on regions undergoing change and currently of  international concern. Credit will not be awarded for both GEO 100 and GEO 200. Gen. Ed. VB, VC, or VII (SBS). [SB].

GEO 110: Environmental Geography (3) A focus on ecological function and the physical and human dynamics contributing to environmental change across the globe and at various geographic scales. Environmental issues are examined through a geographical lens, and include clean air and water, energy systems, biodiversity, natural hazards, climate change, and food production. Gen. Ed. IVB or VII (NS). [NS].

GEO 115: Hollywood Weather (3) This non-technical introduction to atmoshpheric processes examines how meteorological events are portrayed in popular movies. Topics may include severe weather events, climate change, and weather’s impact on human systems.

GEO 210: Introduction to Physical Geography (3) Study of natural processes operating at the earth’s surface with special emphasis on weather and climate and landforms as explanations for how and why  physical and human phenomena vary from place to place. 2 Lec/2 Lab. Gen. Ed. IVB or VII (NS). [NS].

GEO 220: Human Geography (3) Introduction to geographic study of human occupance of the earth, including patterns and processes of human activity and human/land interaction. Gen. Ed. VB,  VC, or VII (SBS). [SB].

GEO 300: Geography: ______ (3) Designed for study of special topics. The specific orientation (cultural, physical, field studies, etc.) will follow course title. May be retaken to a maximum of nine  hours provided subject matter differs each time.

GEO 302: Global Environmental Problems (3) Cross-listed as ENV 302. Prerequisites: GEO 100, 210 or 220; ENG 102, ENG 105(B), or HON 102; MAT 105 or higher; or departmental approval. Examination of environmental problems and conservation strategies in the context of global change, with  case studies from exemplary world regions, including rainforest, mountain, desert, and island biomes. Credit will not be awarded for both GEO 302 and ENV 302.

GEO 315: Meteorology (3) Prerequisite: MAT 107 or higher. This course focuses on important phenomena and physical processes that occur in Earth’s atmosphere, including atmospheric dynamics, radiation, stability, moisture, wind systems and severe storms.

GEO 321: Urban Geography (3) Study of city functions, patterns, and past and current problems confronting the city, including the problems of planning, zoning, community housing, shopping centers, and urban renewal.

GEO 322: World Geopolitics (3) Study of world political structures and events organized by territorial and regional frameworks. Specific attention to forces of global political change, including globalization processes, conflict and peace, ethnic separatism, and international mediation.

GEO 325: Environmental Land Use Planning (3) Prerequisites: GEO 100, 210, or 220; ENG 102, ENG 105(B), or HON 102; MAT 105 or higher; or departmental approval. Examines how principles of landscape ecology, resource conservation, and environmental impact analysis are incorporated into  land use decisions and public policy. Emphasizes practical application at the site and regional scales. Credit will not only be awarded for GEO 325, 325S, or ENV 325S.

GEO 325S:  Environmental Land Use Planning (3) (Service Learning ComponentCross-listed as ENV 325S. Prerequisites: GEO 100 or GEO 210 or GEO 220, ENG 102 or ENG 105(B) or HON 102, and MAT 105 or higher, or departmental approval. Examines how principles of landscape ecology, resource conservation, and environmental impact analysis are incorporated into land use decisions and public policy. Emphasizes practical application at the site and regional scale. Credit will only be awarded for GEO 325, or GEO 325S, or ENV 325S.

GEO 343: Geography of Kentucky (3) Prerequisite: GEO 100, 210, or 220. Topical-regional approach to the physical characteristics, cultural complexity, and economic aspects of Kentucky with an emphasis on understanding the state’s historical development and current environmental, political, and economic issues from a geographic perspective.

GEO 347: Regional Geography: ______ (3) Prerequisite: GEO 100, 210 or 220. Physical, cultural, and economic geography of a selected region (e.g., Africa, North America, Oceania) with emphasis on the region’s current problems. May be retaken to a maximum of 12 hours provided subject matter differs each time.

GEO 349: Applied Learning in Geography (1‑8) Prerequisite: departmental approval. Work in placement related to academic studies. One to eight hours credit per semester or summer. Total hours for  baccalaureate, 16. A minimum of 80 hours employment required for each semester hour credit. No more than six hours may count toward the major.

GEO 349 A-N: Cooperative Study: Geography (1‑8) Prerequisite: departmental approval. Work in placement related to academic studies. One to eight hours credit per semester or summer. Total hours for baccalaureate, 16. A minimum of 80 hours employment required for each semester hour credit. No more than six hours may count toward the major.

GEO 351: Geographic Data Techniques (3) Introduction to the range of techniques used in geographic research and applications, including mapping, image interpretation, GIS, GPS, field work, quantitative  analysis, library and Internet research, and others. Practical experience focus. 2 Lec/2 Lab.

GEO 353: Geographic Information Systems (3) Prerequisite: GEO 100, 210, 220, GLY 102, 107, or 108. Introduction to GIS principles, methods, operations, mapping, and applications. Topics include spatial data, databases, GIS analysis, models, site suitability, environmental and social  applications, and more. Hands-on emphasis using ArcGIS. 2 Lec/2 Lab.

GEO 398: Independent Studies in Geography (1-6). Prerequisite: departmental approval. Topic determined by student and instructor. Student must have the independent study proposal form approved by faulty supervisor and department chair prior to enrollment. May be retaken to a maximum of six hours, provided topic  is different each time.

GEO 405: Issues in Travel and Tourism (3) Prerequisites: A comprehensive study of current issues, trends, problems, and opportunities in the travel and tourism industry. Research paper required.

GEO 430: Sustainability in Appalachia (3) Cross-listed as APP 430 and ENV 430. Prerequisites: GEO 100, 210 or 220; ENG 102, ENG 105(B), or HON 102; MAT 105 or higher; or departmental approval. Examination of Appalachia’s ecological, social, and economic patterns, and the processes  through which residents can ensure their social, economic and ecological sustainability in the future. Credit will only be awarded for GEO 430, APP 430 or ENV 430.

GEO 435: Biogeography (3) Cross listed as ENV 435. Prerequisites: ENG 102 or ENG 105(B) or HON 102; and MAT 105. Study of plant and animal distributions and the nature of earth’s major terrestrial biomes, with an emphasis on formulating sound spatial hypotheses to explain the variety and ever-changing geographic ranges of living organisms. Credit will not be  awarded for both GEO 435 and ENV 435.

GEO 450: Field Studies (3) Prerequisite: GEO 100, 210 or 220. Field techniques and applied case studies of geographic topics in local and regional environs.

GEO 453: Advanced GIS (3) Prerequisite: GEO 353 or departmental approval. Advanced concepts, operations, and applications of raster and vector GIS. Spatial analysis using scanning, imagery, GPS, global data sets, and derived data for natural and social applications. Use of standards, metadata, open GIS, and other advances.

GEO 455: GIS Cartography (3) Prerequisite: GEO 100, 210, 220, GLY 102, 107, or 108. Principles of cartographic design for GIS applications. Hands-on emphasis using ArcGIS. 2 Lec/2 Lab.

GEO 456: Remote Sensing (3) Prerequisite: GEO 100, 210, 220, GLY 102, 107, or 108. Principles, data sources, acquisition, interpretation, analysis, and application of geographic imagery, including maps, air photos, shuttle photography, and satellite digital data. Hands-on emphasis using ERDAS software. 2 Lec/2 Lab.

GEO 458: Advanced Geographic Imagery (3) Prerequisite: GEO 456. Characteristics, interpretation, integration and applications of advanced geographic imagery, including remote sensing and GIS digital data.  Attention on satellite and multispectral imagery, including image processing. Hands-on emphasis.  2 Lec/2 Lab.

GEO 490: Senior Seminar (3) Prerequisite: senior standing or departmental approval. A capstone course for majors that integrates students’ academic experiences with their career  development options.

GEO 498: Capstone Project in Geography (3) Prerequisite: senior standing or departmental approval. A capstone experience for geography majors that integrates a research experience with the students’ professional development and the production of a substantive deliverable product (e.g., poster, conference  presentation, map).

GEO 501: Advanced Geography: ______ (3) Prerequisite: departmental approval. In‑depth study of physical, cultural, economic, geographic technique (GIS) themes. May be retaken to a maximum of six hours if subject matter differs each time.

GEO 553: Advanced GIS (3) 
THIS COURSE HAS BEEN CHANGED TO GEO 453 (SEE ABOVE).

GEO 556: Advanced Geographic Imagery (3) 
THIS COURSE HAS BEEN CHANGED TO GEO 458 (SEE ABOVE).

GEO 701: Advanced Geography: ______ (3) Prerequisite: departmental approval. In-depth study of physical, cultural, economic, or geographic technique (GIS) themes. May be retaken to a maximum of  six hours provided subject matter differs each time.


Geology

GLY 102: Earth Science for Teachers (3) Prerequisite: pre-teaching and teaching elementary and middle school education majors only or departmental approval. This inquiry-based course for teachers  integrates content, pedagogy and technology to explore Earth as an integrated set of systems and as part of the Solar System.  1 Lec/4 Lab. Gen. Ed. E-4.

GLY 104: The World Ocean (3) Investigation of the geologic, physical, biogeochemical, and biologic processes that occur within the oceans of the world. The course emphasizes connections between these processes, and how those connections interact with our planet’s life. 2 Lec/2 Lab. Gen Ed. E-4.

GLY 107: Gold and Diamonds (3) The geology of gold and diamonds, including mineralogy, natural occurrence, exploration, and mining. The impact of gold, diamonds, and other important earth  materials on the environment, history, and society will also be discussed. 2 Lec/2 Lab. Gen. Ed. IVB or VII (NS). [NS].

GLY 108: Plate Tectonics: The Active Earth (3) Investigation of the Earth as it exists and functions today, the materials that compose the Earth, the processes that act upon and within the Earth, and the  interrelationship of both materials and processes with human activity. 2 Lec/2 Lab. Gen. Ed. IVB or VII (NS). [NS].

GLY 109: Great Moments in Earth History (3) Investigation of the origin of the Earth as a planet and its evolutionary development of physical and biological systems through time. Important turning points in  the Earth’s history will be emphasized. 2 Lec/2 Lab. Gen. Ed. IVB or VII (NS). [NS].

GLY 210: Introduction to Geochemistry (3) Prerequisite or Corequisite: ACT math score of 22, or SAT math score of 530, or MAT 107, or departmental approval. An introduction to the application of  fundamental concepts and skills in chemistry (nomenclature, stoichiometry, bonding, chemical change) to geology, including the distribution of the elements,  mineral chemistry, and radiometric dating.

GLY 302: Earth Science (3) Prerequisite: GLY 102 or GLY 104 or GLY 107 or GLY 108 or GLY 109. Study of the universe and our solar system, the Earth's atmosphere and climatic elements, its physical processes and features, organic development, and natural resources. 

GLY 303: Environmental Geoscience (3) Cross-listed as ENV 303. Prerequisite: GLY 102, 104, 107, 108 or 109; or GEO 100, 210, or 220; or departmental approval. Investigation of the Earth as a complex set of interconnected systems that cycle elements, water, and earth materials over geologic and human  time scales. The course emphasizes global environmental changes that occur on the planet because of human actions. Credit will not be awarded for both GLY 303 and ENV 303.

GLY 305: Dinosaurs (3) Prerequisites: GLY 102, 104, 107, 108, 109; ENG 102, ENG 105(B), or HON 102; or departmental approval. The rise, diversification, and extinction of this prominent group of organisms. This courses explores how scientists make inferences about the  past, including the use and limitations of physical evidence and the nature of science.

GLY 309: Mineralogy (4) Prerequisite: GLY 102, 104, 107, 108, or 109; or departmental approval. Study of minerals commonly encountered in rocks and soils with minor emphasis on ore deposits: mineral geochemistry, crystal structure, classification, physical properties, optical  properties, and geologic environment. Laboratory develops the ability to identify minerals in hand specimens and thin sections. 3 Lec/2 Lab.

GLY 315: Hydrology (3) Prerequisite or Corequisite: GLY 102, 104, 107, 108, or 109; or departmental approval. Interrelationships between Earth's systems and the occurrence and character of water in streams, lakes, and groundwater. Focuses on fundamental understanding of  hydrologic processes and reservoirs, interaction between surface waters and groundwater and relationships between human activity and these reservoirs.

GLY 349: Applied Learning in Geology (1-8) (1-6) SUMMER ONLY.
Work in placements related to academic studies. Total hours for baccalaureate, sixteen. A minimum of 80 hours of employment required for each semester hour of academic credit. May not be used to satisfy area, major, or minor requirements.

GLY 349: A-N Cooperative Study: Geology (1-8) (1-6) SUMMER ONLY.
Work in placements related to academic studies. Total hours for baccalaureate, sixteen. A minimum of 80 hours of employment required for each semester hour of academic credit. May not be used to satisfy area, major, or minor requirements.

GLY 351: Field Methods (3) Prerequisites: GLY 102, 104, 107, 108, or 109; or departmental approval. Methods of field geology including description and measurement of rock sequences, introduction to geological mapping and writing geological reports. 1 Lec/4 Field (Saturdays).

GLY 398: Independent Studies in Geology (1‑6) Prerequisite: departmental approval. Topic determined by student and instructor. Student must have the independent study proposal form approved by faculty  supervisor and department chair prior to enrollment. May be retaken to a maximum of six hours provided topic is different each time.

GLY 408: Process Geomorphology (3) Prerequisite: GLY 102, 104, 107, 108, or 109; or departmental approval. An in-depth study of the geologic processes involved in landform development.

GLY 409: Petrology (4) Prerequisite: GLY 309. Nature and origin of common rocks (igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic), with emphasis on crystalline rocks. Lab develops the ability to analyze and classify rocks in hand sample and in thin section using a petrographic microscope. 3 Lec/2 Lab.

GLY 410: Structural Geology ‑ Tectonics (4) Prerequisite: GLY 102, 104, 107, 108, or 109; or departmental approval. Deformation of Earth’s crust across a wide range of scale with emphasis on plate tectonics and its consequences. Lab develops the ability to analyze the geometry of deformed rock bodies and solve common structural problems. 3 Lec/2 Lab.

GLY 415: Sedimentary Geology (4) Prerequisite: GLY 102, 104, 107, 108, or 109; or departmental approval. Examination of sedimentary processes and products, the characteristics and origins of sedimentary rocks and their related depositional environments, and application of these principles to solving  geological problems. Laboratory develops techniques for describing and interpreting sedimentary rocks, structures, and stratigraphy. 3 Lec/2 Lab.

GLY 420: Stratigraphy and Paleontology (4) Prerequisite: GLY 415. Description, correlation, and interpretation of stratified seminentary sequences; identification and interpretation of the fossils they contain.  Emphases: rock-vs. time-stratigraphy, facies relationships, sequence stratigraphy, event stratigraphy, biostratigraphy, well log correlation. 3 Lec/2 Lab.

GLY 451: Field Camp (6) SUMMER ONLY. Prerequisites: GLY 409 and 410. Field‑training course in the northern and central Rocky Mountains (6 weeks). Analysis of rock sequences; geologic mapping of  sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous terrains; interpretation of complex rock deformation; regional geological synthesis with emphasis on tectonics; and visits  to many instructive geologic localities, including national parks and monuments.

GLY 460: Aqueous Geochemistry (3) Prerequisite: GLY 210 or CHE 111 and 111L. Reactions between natural waters, atmospheric gases and earth materials in surface and near surface environments.  Emphasis is placed on consequences of chemical weathering, composition of surface and near surface water, geochemical cycles, and natural and anthropogenic  geochemical events. 2 Lec/2 Lab.

GLY 480: Petroleum Geology (3) Pre/Corequisites: GLY 410 and GLY 420. Use of the petroleum systems paradigm to explore characteristics of economically-viable petroleum accumulations. Examines fundamental activities such as electric logging, mudlogging, and drilling. Exercises and projects model industry practices in recognizing and understanding petroleum accumulations.

GLY 482: Paleoclimate (3) Prerequisite: GLY 104, 109, 415, GEO 115, 210, or 315; or departmental approval. How the interaction of ocean and atmosphere creates climate in the planet today and leaves its record in geologically accessible Earth materials, with an emphasis on the  interpretation of the geological record and how we learn how the Earth's climate has changed in the past.

GLY 498: Capstone Project in Geology (3). Prerequisite: senior standing and departmental approval. A capstone experience for geology majors that integrates a research experience with the students’ professional development and the production of a substantive deliverable product (e.g.,  poster, conference presentation, geologic map).

GLY 499: Senior Thesis (3) Prerequisites: senior standing and department approval. Supervised, independent thesis project for majors in geology. Thesis project must be approved by faculty  supervisor and department committee prior to enrollment in the course.

GLY 500: Earth Science Problems for Teachers: ___________ (1‑3) 
Prerequisite: departmental approval. Designed to fit needs of individual students majoring in education (general science) who need special instruction in the earth sciences. Student must have the independent study proposal form approved by faculty supervisor and department chair prior to enrollment. May be retaken to a  maximum of nine hours provided topic is different each time.

GLY 512: Geology of Soils (3) Prerequisite: any general education geology course or departmental approval. Composition, classification, and evolution of soils, role of climate, living organisms,  physiography, and underlying geology in soil formation. Emphasis on clay mineralogy, soil analytical techniques, soil mapping, paleosols in the rock record, human interaction with soils, and the economic importance of soils. 2 Lec/2 Lab.

GLY 535: Hydrogeology (3) Prerequisite: any general education geology course or departmental approval. Origin, occurrence, movement, utilization, and conservation of groundwater.  Qualitative and quantitative presentation of geological, physical, and geochemical aspects of groundwater hydrology. 2 Lec/2 Lab.

GLY 550: Evolution of the Earth (3) Prerequisite: senior standing or departmental approval. Capstone course: overview of geological principles from the perspective of the Earth’s history, physical and  biological. Emphasis on critical thinking and expressive writing.

GLY 580: Selected Topics: ______ (1‑3) Prerequisite: senior standing or departmental approval. Designed to explore specific aspects of geology. May be retaken to a maximum of six hours provided topic is different each time.

GLY 700: Earth Science Problems for Teachers: ______ (1-3) Prerequisite: departmental approval.  Student must have the independent study proposal form approved by the faculty supervisor and department chair prior to enrollment.  Designed to fit the needs of individual students majoring in education (general science) who need special instruction in the earth sciences. May be retaken to a  maximum of nine hours provided topic is different each time.

GLY 712: Geology of Soils (3) Prerequisite: any general education geology course or departmental approval. Composition, classification, and evolution of soil; role of climate, living organisms, physiography, and underlying geology in soil formation. Emphasis on clay mineralogy, analytical techniques, soil mapping, paleosols in the rock record, human  interaction with soils, and the economic importance of soils. 2 Lec/2 Lab.

GLY 735: Hydrogeology (3) Prerequisites: any general education geology course or departmental approval. Origin, occurrence, movement, utilization, and conservation of groundwater.  Qualitative and quantitative presentation of geological, physical, and geochemical aspects of groundwater hydrology. 2 Lec/2 Lab.

GLY 750: Evolution of the Earth (3) Prerequisites: GLY 703 and 704 or departmental approval. Capstone course: overview of geological principles from the perspective of earth’s history, physical and  biological. Emphasis on critical thinking and expressive writing.

GLY 780: Selected Topics: ______ (1-3) Prerequisite: departmental approval. Designed to explore specific aspects of geology. May be retaken to a maximum of six hours provided topic is different each  time.

GLY 800: Selected Topics for Teachers: ______ (1-3) Prerequisite: departmental approval. Designed to offer a range of geological topics for teacher education. May be retaken to a maximum of nine hours provided  topic is different each time.
 

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